Sharing its borders with Somalia, Kenya, Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea and Djibouti, Ethiopia formerly known as Abyssinia, is a landlocked country situated in the horn of Africa.
With archaeological records going back more than 4 million years, Ethiopia’s history is closely connected with the history of human evolution. It was in the Awash Valley that in 1974 one of (if not THE) most famous hominid remains were found – Lucy – dated back to 3.2 millions years ago. A replica of those remains can be seen in the National Museum of Ethiopia in Addis Ababa.
Along the centuries, a series of emperors and kings have establish Ethiopia as a major political, commercial and cultural center establishing cities such as Axum and Gondar with imposing palaces and fortresses.
These two regions together with the Lower Valleys of Omo and Awash, Lalibela, the Konso Cultural Landscape, Harar Jugol and Tiya archaeological area are World Heritage Sites for their cultural significance.
Christianity has had a major influence in Ethiopia’s history and no more than in the town of Lalibela where the religious fervour can be seen in the stoned carved churches and tombs as well as the yearly Timkat festival.
With untouched landscapes ranging from some of the harshest deserts to the greenest forests, Ethiopia is also home to breathtaking mountain ranges and a variety of wildlife. The Blue Nile, Danakil Desert, Semien Mountains, Lake Tana, Omo Valley or the Erta Ale are just a few examples of the diverse landscape and wildlife reserves you can discover.
Here you can also experience the interconnection of wildlife and city life. In Harar, every night, local men call for and feed the wild hienas that roam Harar surroundings.
Ethiopia’s cuisine is also something not to miss. One can take the chance to try injera bread, Doro Wat, Mesir Wat or Shiro, and finish enjoying the ceremonial preparation of your coffee from beans to the cup.
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